Many residential properties rely on private wells for potable water. A private well can be a valuable asset, but it can quickly become an expensive burden if you fail to maintain the water system properly.
Maintaining your well water the right way will ensure that your home always has access to a fresh supply of safe drinking water in the future.
Test Water Quality
A private well is not monitored by any municipal authority. This means that the quality of the water the well is producing is not being tracked on a regular basis. The responsibility of monitoring water quality rests solely on your shoulders. You should invest in routine water testing throughout the year.
These tests will determine if your well has been contaminated. You can identify troubling trends by comparing the results of water quality tests over time. You can also use these tests to spot potential problems and invest in the necessary repairs to prevent these problems from creating a water emergency.
Water quality testing is an integral component in any comprehensive well maintenance program.
Identify Pump Rate
Another critical water system maintenance task is the identification of a well's pump rate. This is important to know because the rate at which you pump water out of the well should not be greater than the rate at which the well replenishes itself. If you exceed the replenishment rate, you may risk causing irreparable damage to your well pump.
A well expert should be called to test the pump rate of any private well several times throughout the year. Pump rates can fluctuate, so you need to keep close tabs on the current pump rate of your well and make adjustments to avoid permanent damage to the pump system.
Eliminate the Well Pit
If your well is older, it may be equipped with a well pit. It was once thought that a well pit would provide a safe place to house the pressure system for a private well. Burying the pressure system in a well pit would prevent freezing of the integral components.
Modern testing has shown that well pits are a potential source of contamination. You should eliminate your well pit and replace your existing pressure system with a pitless adapter. This will help you avoid a frozen pressure system while simultaneously protecting your well against chemical contamination.
Routine maintenance is needed to ensure that your well produces quality water for your family well into the future.